# Mathematics and Logic
Mathematics is the study of the measurement, properties and relationship of quantities and sets using numbers and symbols. It is considered a science since these essential tools are used in almost every scientific study. It has several main subdivisions, including arithmetic, algebra, geometry and applied mathematics.
There are two types of logic. They are deductive logic and inductive logic. Scientific reasoning depends on both deductive and inductive logic. Deductive logic is used to answer a specific question or problem. It based on known scientific principles or rules. Inductive logic uses repeated observations of an experiment or event to form a general conclusion.
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